Saturday, December 10, 2005

COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS WITH ANGOLA

1) INTRODUCTION

There are two ways in which a commercial operation may be arranged between Europe and Africa.
The importer / exporter has to choose between how much He will wish to get involved and how much money He wants to pay third parties to take care of his business.

2) EASY WAY: HIRING FREIGHT FORWARDER

The easiest way (and more expensive therefore) is to hire the services of a freight forwarder who will take care of coordinating every agent involved and will invoice to the importer / exporter costs for every item he will pay in name of importer/exporter plus their intervention.

FREIGHT FORWARDERS :

AMI
Luanda
(244) 2841 266
(244) 2840 535
ami@ami.ebonet.net

IBERIAN
Bilbao
(34) 944 939 210
(34)944 939 235
iberlogist@amabi.com

Slavenburg & Huyser BV
Rotterdam
(3110) 4032800
(3110) 4110077
d.hanswijk@slavenburg-en-huyser.nl

Hiring a Forwarder does not mean They will take care of everything.. There still remains some tasks that the importer / exporter will take himself (issuing of certificates, etc..) but Freight Forwarder will assist and orient the importer / exporter.

In triangled-ubication operations (Exporter address (BIO)-cargo location (ROT)- Importer address (ANG) in different points) the importer / exporter will have to choose which Freight Forwarder will take care of the whole operations and this one will be the one who may operate with any forwarder of the zone or with his own agents.

Importer / Exporter will have just one company to deal with… the freight forwarder is the one who will deal with the shipping line, Custom authorities, etc…and resume the information to the importer / exporter.


3) DIFFICULT WAY: DO IT YOURSELF

The importer/exporter will have to arrange tasks by himself (cheaper but very stressing if you are first-timer, besides, you may get problems with some agents).

Importer / Exporter will have to take the burden of operation over his shoulders and will have to “move” every agent involved.. the advantage is that He will not have to pay a freight forwarder for it.

To do it yourself you will have to contact several agents and try to get the required information to fulfil the operation. In this way, the chamber of commerce will help us a great deal in this kind of questions:

CHAMBER OF COMMERCES
ANGOLA
Angola Chamber of Commerce and IndustryCâmara de Comércio e Indústria de AngolaLargo do Kinaxixi 14, No. 1 andar, CP 92, Luanda, Angolatel: 344-506 /25fax: 370-804/344-629telex: 3283

Netherlands - Rotterdam Rotterdam Chamber of CommerceBlaak 40P.O. Box 4503000 AL RotterdamTel.: 010-4027777Fax: 010-4145754

BILBAO
Oficinas centrales: Gran Vía 13, 48001 Bilbao Tel. 944706500 / Fax 944436171 / e-mail: atencionalcliente@camarabilbao.com



Each Chamber of Commerce will provide us with the detailed information or will give us contact details of the entities that shall.

The range of task and voucher will depend on the operation but as a first approximation the normal documentation required would be:

DOCUMENT ISSUER STATUS
Import Licence Angola Government Compulsory
CFR Quality Firm (BVQi, SGS, etc..) Compulsory
Loading Certificate CNCA Compulsory
Original B/L Shipping Line Compulsory
Original Com. Invoice Shipper Compulsory
Tax Card Sup. Shipper already has Compulsory
Origin Certificate Chamber of commerce Compulsory
ID Card Sup. Shipper already has Compulsory if personal goods
Insurance Certificate Insurance Company Shipper´s decision
Sanitary Certificate Sanitary Authorities (PIF) Compulsory in foods


Now, for the reader interest Will be followed some text extracted from different official facilities Websites:

Import procedures
Import licence The import licence is a document issued by the Angolan government to the importer and is not mandatory in the manifest and/or the bill of lading, but is necessary for customs clearance in Angola. The import licence number is attributed to the consignee and is the sole responsibility of the consignee.
Inspection certificate from BIVAC or BUREAU VERITAS (also known as CRF) An inspection certificate must be issued by a Bureau Veritas or BIVAC agent in the origin country (for contact details of agents please contact your local Maersk Sealand office). The inspection must be done prior to loading of cargo. All costs related to the issuance of the inspection certificate are for the shipper, and the responsibility for obtaining the certificate is solely with the shipper.
The inspection certificate is necessary for customs clearance in Angola and fines which can range from 100% of the value of the cargo and upwards are given if a container arrives in Angola without the inspection certificate.
Loading certificate (also known as ARC / Waiver / CNCA certificate) Angolan law requires that all cargo purchased abroad for import to Angola has a loading certificate. The party administrating this law is the Angolan National Shipper's Council also referred to as CNCA (Conselho Nacional de Carregadores).
The loading certificate number (Waiver/ARC number/CNCA certificate) must be shown on all documentation related to the cargo shipped under that Loading certificate. The shipper and/or forwarder should provide the Loading certificate number to the ocean carrier at the loading port (Loading agent) for inclusion in the manifest and bill of lading.
The loading certificate must be obtained by the shipper/forwarder before loading the cargo, and it should be obtained from one of the CNCA agents around the world (for contact details of CNCA agents please contact your local Maersk Sealand office).
All costs and the sole responsibility related to the issuance of the loading certificate are with the shipper/forwarder.
No exceptions are made to the requirement of a loading certificate. All companies, customers, NGOs, embassies etc must obtain a Loading Certificate prior loading.
Non negotiable copy bill of lading Angolan customs require a non negotiable copy of bill of lading stamped good for clearing ("bom para despacho") by the shipping agent in Angola.
Regulations in Angola
If containers have not been taken out of the terminal within 30 days from date of discharge the terminal operator is allowed to move them to an inland depot (second line terminal), all additional costs will be charged to the importer by the terminal operator.
If no customs process has been started within 60 days from date of discharge the Angolan customs authorities are allowed to sell cargo by auction. Prior to selling any cargo by auction the customs authorities must announce in the newspaper the container numbers and the name of the manifested importers.
If cargo has not been sold by auction, and after 90 days from date of discharge customs process has still not been commenced, the Angolan customs authorities are allowed to give the cargo to the Angolan army. This can be done without any prior announcement.
Import service restrictions.
Bill of lading restrictions
As part of the US Customs 24 Hour Rule regulations, "To the order of" bills of lading are not accepted for shipments destined to the US or routed via US ports.
US Customs does equally not accept the commodity descriptions "Freight all kinds" and "General merchandise", nor the package type "pallets".
Per Angolan law no sea waybills or NVOCC bills of lading are accepted for customs clearance.
Weight and over-dimension restrictions The maximum weight possible for Angolan Ports:
Luanda: 35 mts gross weight, i.e. total cargo and container weight
Lobito: 31 mts gross weight, i.e. total cargo and container weight
Namibe: 40 mts gross weight, i.e. total cargo and container weight
Out of gauge cargo is only accepted after approval of dimensions. It is recommended that over height cargo does not exceed 2.90 metres in order to assure saf e discharge in Angola.
Equipment and cargo restrictions
Import of reefer containers is accepted in both Luanda, Lobito and Namibe
Export and import of 45' containers is not accepted in Angola

Import forms & certificates
The below mentioned forms & certificates are needed for import in Angola:
Import licence
Inspection certificate from BIVAC or BUREAU VERITAS (also known as CRF)
Loading certificate (also known as ARC / Waiver / CNCA certificate)
Original Commercial Invoice
Original bill of lading. Seawaybills are not accepted by customs authorities in Angola
Non negotiable copy bill of lading
Copy of Tax Card
Origin certificate - for perishable cargo only
Copy of ID card or copy of passport with valid work visa - for personal effects only
Free-time and Demurrage
There is no such thing as detention in Angola, only demurrage. This means that demurrage is calculated from the day after discharge date up to and including the day of empty return to the terminal.
Freetime The standard free-time in all Angolan ports is:
15 days for dry containers
10 days for reefer containers, but only if container is returned within 15 days from date of discharge, otherwise 0 days free-time
Demurrage After the above mentioned free-time the standard demurrage tariffs are as follows :
Dry containers:
Up to day 30 = USD 10 per day for 20' and USD 20 per day for 40'
Day 31 onwards = USD 20 per day for 20' and USD 40 per day for 40'
Reefer containers:
Up to day 30 = USD 25 per day for 20' and USD 50 per day for 40'
Day 31 onwards = USD 50 per day for 20' and USD 100 per day for 40'
Example 1 A 40' reefer container is discharged on January 5, 2004 and is returned empty to the terminal on January 20, 2004, the demurrage will be USD 250.00 (5 days at USD 50 per day - total time is 15 days from day after discharge to date of empty return, 10 days freetime is applied as container is returned within 15 days).
Example 2 A 40' reefer container is discharged on January 5, 2004 and is returned empty to the terminal on January 28, 2004, the demurrage will be USD 1,150.00 (23 days at USD 50 per day - total time is 23 days from day after discharge to date of empty return, 10 days freetime is not applied as container is not returned within 15 days).

ANGOLA SHIPPER’S COUNCIL REGULATIONS FOR LOADING CERTIFICATES
The following is a summary of the National Council of Angolan Shippers’ regulation:
Angolan legislation in accordance with decree nr.19/94 dated January 28th 1994, published in the Statue book D.R. 20/94 on May 20th 1994 (effective as from April 24th 1994). The intention of this legislation is to provide the Angolan Government and authorities with accurate information with respect to the cargoflow to and from their country.
All cargo destined to Angola has to have an import license and every bill of lading has to be accompanied by a loading certificate. Only the C.N.C.A. or its agents have the authority to issue loading certificates. Each bill of lading must have a corresponding loading certificate. Without a loading certificate, cargo will not be cleared. Each loading certificate has a specific serial number that is duly signed, dated and stamped by the authorized C.N.C.A. agent. To receive a loading certificate, the shipper has to pay the following fees (prices of 2002, unknown updated rates):
20' Container US$100.00/container
40' Container US$200.00/container
Bulk/conventional US$5.00 per w/m
From the 1st June 2000, the cost of loading certificate is £22.00 / US$45.00 payable with loading fees per bill of lading
Minimum: USD 5 per loading certificate
C.A.F. (Current Adjustement Factor) of 5% is applicable if you wish to pay the charges in STG.
Harbour and dataprocessing dues have to be collected on the moment the goods have been loaded.
The clearance of the cargo is impossible without a loading certificate.
The above charges have to be collected at the moment that the cargo is loaded. Penalties for failure to comply with these regulations can result in a fine of US$5,000.00 per incident and a doubling of C.N.C.A. fees.
Trained staff members are available for detailed information and assistance of customers in all aspects of the documentary requirements of the trade to Angola.



ORGANISMS AUTHORITHED TO ISSUE CERTIFICATE CNCA

C.N.C.A. ANGOLA
Palacio de Vidrio
Largo 4 de Fevreiro-5º Andar
Cx. Postal 2223
Luanda (ANGOLA)
Mr. Jose Tomas
Tel. 2442311339
Fax. 244231776
cnc@ebonet.net

Netherlands - RotterdamASA Rotterdam B.V.Pleinweg 214DNL-3083 EW RotterdamMr. Rein LopsTelephone: +31 10 48 50 222Fax: +31 10 48 44 286Email: asa.rotterdam@planet.nlWebsite: http://www.asa-services.net/

Spain
Vasco Gallega de Consignaciones, s.a.C/ Pontevedra Nº4 - 3º - 36201 VIGO - ESPAÑA Tlf: (+34) 986447475
Fax: (+34) 986449691
vgc@vascogallega.com



Type: ARCGeneral Agent: Conseil National des Chargeurs Angolais ( C.N.C.A. ) ParisRepresentative France: Worms Le Havre, 32 Rue Pierre Brossolette, France Tel : 02 35 19 62 00, Fax : 02 35 19 62 09Documentation requirements: Mention the ARC number on the Bill of Lading & the manifest Inspection Agency: SGS
Angola - Shippers Council Regulations - 15/4/97
Angola operates a similar cargo monitoring system as many of West Africa's francophone countries. This means that the local authorities requires shippers/ consignees to register the commodity, value, origin, carrier etc. of individual shipments and obtain dispensation to ship such cargo from, in this case, the Ministry of Commerce and Shipper's Council.
BIMCO has received a summary of the Angolan Shippers' Council regulations which require that:
All cargo destined for Angola needs to be accompanied by an import licence (BRI) and every bill of lading has to be accompanied by a loading certificate/ waiver (ARC number).
Given that penalties exist for non-compliance, it is very important that shippers ensure the correct procedures are adhered to. On the whole, approval is straightforward to obtain and waivers (loading certificates) are rarely, if ever, refused.
Requirements of shipper/ consignee:
1. The clearance of the cargo is impossible without a loading certificate and each bill of lading must correspond to one loading certificate.
2. The Angolan Shipper's Council (CNCA) or their agent are the only bodies authorised to issue loading certificates/ARC numbers.
3. The first step is that consignees must apply to the Ministry of Commerce 'to open' an Import Licence (BRI). This information is collated on computer and transferred to the CNCA.
4. Once cargo is ready, shippers should obtain a loading certificate blank form from CNCA or its agent at the loading port.
5. The shipper or his representative should fill in the required information on this document and give it back to the CNCA agent who will calculate the harbour and data processing dues and validate this information in the CNCA computer system.
6. Each loading certificate receives one serial number (ARC) and has to be duly dated, stamped and signed by the CNCA agent.
7. To receive his loading certificate, the shipper has to pay harbour and data processing dues as follows:
20ft containers - USD 100 per container 40ft containers - USD 200 per container
8. Harbour and data processing dues have to be collected at the moment goods have been loaded from port of discharge.
9. Penalties for failure to comply with these regulations can result in fines of USD 5,000 per incident plus a doubling of the CNCA fees.

EXAMPLE OF SHIPPING LINE: MAERSK (BIGGEST IN THE WORLD)

City Company Phone Fax
Luanda Maersk (Angola), Lda. +244 2 372 473 +244 2 399 388

Service point: Port of Luanda
Address: Largo 4 de Fevereiro
City: Luanda
Country: Angola
Phone: +244 2 311178 +244 2 310655
Fax: +244 2 311178
E-mail: geral@portoluanda.com
Alternatively Contact: Maersk (Angola), Lda.
Headoffice in Luanda or send email to angops@maersk.com

Arrivals and availability

Cargo availability
Latest pick up time from terminal*
Latest pick up time from terminal**
Arrivals
West Africa (Lisa Service) - South Bound
Upon completion of vessel operation
3 days after discharge date
30/60 days after discharge date
Tue 18.00
Luanda Express (unifeeder) - North Bound
Upon completion of vessel operation
3 days after discharge date
30/60 days after discharge date
Every 10 days
Indian Ocean Service - North Bound
Upon completion of vessel operation
3 days after discharge date
30/60 days after discharge date
Once a week

Email: mailto:angloggen@maersk.com Phone: +244 (222) 394306 Fax: +244 (222) 399388

LOCATIONS SCH 1 SCH 2 SCH 3 Dep.:By:Lloyd:Voy.:Build:

Rotterdam, NL 14.Dec.05(Wed)ADRIANMAERSK926045706012004
21.Dec.05(Wed)GUDRUNMAERSK930287706012005
04.Jan.06(Wed)ARNOLDMAERSK926043306012003
Algeciras, ES
Arr.:Dep.:By:Lloyd:Voy.:Build:
17.Dec.05(Sat)20.Dec.05(Tue)CLARA MAERSK882001606011992
24.Dec.05(Sat)27.Dec.05(Tue)THUROEMAERSK881997606011991
07.Jan.06(Sat)09.Jan.06(Mon)THIES MAERSK881999006031992
Luanda, AO
Arr.: 01.Jan.06(Sun) 06.Jan.06(Fri) 20.Jan.06(Fri)
Transit time: 18 days 16 days 16 days
Container type: null null null
String code: AE1 AE1 AE1
Product type: Standard Standard Standard